Social Tenure Domain Model (STDM)

Resource Conflict Institute (RECONCILE) with 5 other partners is implementing the STDM project in Bomet (Small Dairy Farmer Cowith 5 partnersmmercialization Project (SDCP), Embu(Upper Tana Natural Resource Management Project) and Kirinyaga(Mwea Irrigation Scheme) counties.  All the projects have a link with IFAD through their parent ministry; the “Land and Natural Resources” Tenure Learning Initiative for East and Southern Africa (TSLI-ESA) which is being implemented by the  UNHABITAT, through Global Land Tool Network (GLTN) in a partnership arrangement. This project aimsMwea-Irrigation-Scheme3 to strengthen monitoring and evaluation systems, by closely working with GIS experts. The main purpose is to enhance knowledge management by documenting, testing and sharing tools and approaches for strengthening land and natural resources tenure of the targeted communities.

In contributing to the Smallholder Dairy Commercialization Programme, (SDCP) - a market driven programme, the project targets the natural resources for sustainable production system. Through working with farmers, community leaders and other stakeholders, the mapping of key communal natural resource such as the salt licks, water points is essential. This helps in ensuring that the status of such resources are defined and where possible ideas around the conservation and management agreed upon.  The implementation will benefit from the SDCP structures which are organized under the dairy farmer groups called the Dairy Commercialization Areas (DCAs). The pilot project is designed in such a way to enable a systematic approach in mapping, documenting, recording and strengthening monitoring and evaluating work around natural resources.


The overall objective is to promote poverty reduction by improving food security, income levels and tenure security of farmers and rural women. This will promote a more efficient and effective use of natural resources ensuring sustainability and or control. It will also introduce better farming practices especially on access to water and water management using the STDM tools;

a) To protect from further encroachment.

b) To help farmers implement controlled grazing.

Expected Outputs

The project is expected to benefit 60 dairy farmers in the three Dairy Commercialization Areas (DCAs).

  • Mapping: farmers will acquire a secure and sustainable grazing pattern that will ensure the protection and proper use and management of the common resource. It will also help classify what is public, individual and communal more so on land tenure security thus adjudication.
  • Land & water rights: recognition and documentation of lessons learn and good practices or success stories from farmers will inform the learning and sharing component as well as acquire secure and sustainable patterns.
  • Inclusive business: recognition and documentation of good practices will help farmers manage their grazing patterns thus increase production and promote collaboration between dairy farmers and other community members who are no dairy farmers but depend on them as either consumers or business people. It will also enhance business partnerships between the farmers and outside investors.
  • Linkages: Communities are directly involved thus creating opportunities of collaborative planning for resources. Promoting potential linkages with county government plans including the County spatial planning exercise and land use planning.